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Technical Notes on Brick Construction

Technical Notes on Brick Construction are FREE bulletins that contain design, detailing, and construction information based on the latest technical developments in brick masonry. Drawings, photographs, tables, and charts illustrate appropriate topics. Most of the details in the Technical Notes are available as CAD Details on the AEC Info website.

Technical Notes on Brick Construction are recommendations on the use of fired clay brick. They are explicitly written for fired clay brick which are manufactured:

    1)  from clay, shale, or similar naturally-occurring earthy substances, and
    2)  with a firing process that creates a fired bond between the particles of the brick.

The properties of fired clay brick and the clay brick masonry made from them were used to establish the recommendations in these Technical Notes.  Using these recommendations with other products that are not manufactured as outlined above may not result in the same performance associated with fired clay brick masonry. Further, use of these Technical Notes for the design, installation, and maintenance of construction built with other products may in fact be detrimental to those products and the building on which they are installed. Thus, BIA does not advise the use of these recommendations with other products, including but not limited to those claiming to be similar to fired clay brick products such as “fly ash” brick, concrete brick, and other unfired or non-clay brick.

The Brick Industry Association is currently in the process of revising many of the Technical Notes. Technical content will be updated to current standards and construction practices. Other changes will include updated format, graphics, drawings, and photographs.

Technical Notes are available individually online or may be ordered as a set through the Brick Bookstore. Once registered, the purchaser of a complete set with a binder will be notified via email of new or revised Technical Notes.

Technical Notes Index

 1    Hot and Cold Weather Construction  June 2018  
 2    Glossary of Terms Relating to Brick Construction  Mar 1999
 3    Overview of Building Code Requirements for Masonry Structures  July 2002
 3A    Brick Masonry Material Properties  Dec 1992
 3B    Brick Masonry Section Properties  May 1993
 4    Introduction to Energy Performance of Brick Masonry  Jan 2016
 4A    Residential Energy Code Compliance  June 2016
 4B    Energy Code Compliance of Brick Masonry Walls  Feb 2002
 5A    Sound Insulation - Clay Masonry Walls  Aug 2000
 6    Painting Brick Masonry  Dec 1985
 6A    Colorless Coatings for Brick Masonry  Aug 2008
 7    Water Penetration Resistance - Design and Detailing  Nov 2017
 7A    Water Penetration Resistance - Materials  Nov 2017
 7B    Water Penetration Resistance - Construction and Workmanship  Nov 2017
 8    Mortars for Brickwork  Jan 2008
 8B    Mortars for Brickwork - Selection and Quality Assurance  Oct 2006
 9    Manufacturing of Brick  Dec 2006
 9A    Specifications for and Classifications of Brick  Oct 2007
 9B    Manufacturing, Classifications, and Selection of Brick - Part 3  Dec 2003
 10    Dimensioning and Estimating Brick Masonry  Feb 2009
 11    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 1  Aug 2001
 11A    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 2  Sept 1988
 11B    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 3  Sept 1988
 11C    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 4  May 1998
 11D    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 4 Continued  Sept 1988
 11E    Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 5  Sept 1991
 13    Ceramic Glazed Brick Exterior Walls  June 2017
 14    Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers  May 2017
 14A    Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers on a Sand Setting Bed  May 2017
 14B    Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers on a Bituminous Setting Bed  June 2010
 14C    Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers in a Mortar Setting Bed  July 2011
 14D    Permeable Clay Brick Pavements  Feb 2012
 14E    Accessible Clay Brick Pavements  July 2012
 15    Salvaged Brick  May 1988
 16    Fire Resistance of Brick Masonry  Mar 2008
 17    Reinforced Brick Masonry - Introduction  Oct 1996
 17A    Reinforced Brick Masonry - Materials and Construction  Aug 1997
 17B    Reinforced Brick Masonry - Beams  Mar 1999
 17L    Four Inch RBM Curtain and Panel Walls  Sept 1988
 17M    Reinforced Brick Masonry - Girders  Sept 1988
 18    Volume Changes - Analysis and Effects of Movement  Oct 2006
 18A    Accommodating Expansion of Brickwork  Nov 2006
 19    Residential Fireplace Design  Jan 1993
 19A    Residential Fireplaces - Details and Construction  Aug 2000
 19B    Residential Chimneys - Design and Construction  Apr 1998
 19C    Contemporary Brick Masonry Fireplaces  Oct 2001
 19D    Brick Masonry Fireplaces - Part 1, Russian-Style Heaters  June 1987
 19E    Brick Masonry Fireplaces - Part 2, Fountain and Contemporary Style Heaters  Feb 1988
 20    Cleaning Brickwork  June 2006
 23    Stains - Identification and Prevention  June 2006
 23A    Efflorescence - Causes and Prevention  June 2006
 24    The Contemporary Bearing Wall  June 2002
 24C    The Contemporary Bearing Wall - Introduction to Shear Wall Design  May 1988
 24F    The Contemporary Bearing Wall - Construction  Sept 1988
 24G    The Contemporary Bearing Wall - Detailing  Feb 1987
 26    Single Wythe Bearing Walls  Sept 1994
 27    Brick Masonry Rain Screen Walls  Aug 1994
 28    Brick Veneer/Wood Stud Walls  Nov 2012
 28A    Adding Brick Veneer to Existing Construction  Apr 2008
 28B    Brick Veneer/Steel Stud Walls  Dec 2005
 28C    Thin Brick Veneer  Apr 2014
 28D    Brick Veneer/Concrete Masonry Walls  June 2018
 29    Brick In Landscape Architecture - Pedestrian Applications  July 1994
 29A    Brick In Landscape Architecture - Garden Walls  Jan 1999
 29B    Brick In Landscape Architecture - Miscellaneous Applications  May 1988
 30    Bonds and Patterns in Brickwork  Mar 1999
 31    Brick Masonry Arches  Jan 1995
 31A    Structural Design of Brick Masonry Arches  July 1986
 31B    Structural Steel Lintels  May 1987
 31C    Structural Design of Semicircular Brick Masonry Arches  Aug 1986
 36    Brick Masonry Details - Sills and Soffits  Jan 1988
 36A    Brick Masonry Details - Caps, Copings, Corbels, and Racking  Feb 2001
 39    Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry - Brick and Mortar  Nov 2001
 39A    Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry - Determination of Allowable Design Stresses  Dec 1987
 39B    Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry - Quality Control  Mar 1988
 40    Prefabricated Brick Masonry - Introduction  Aug 2001
 41    Hollow Brick Masonry  Jan 2008
 42    Empirical Design of Brick Masonry  Nov 1991
 43    Passive Solar Heating with Brick Masonry - Part 1, Introduction  June 1981
 43C    Passive Solar Cooling with Brick Masonry - Part 1, Introduction  Feb 2001
 43D    Brick Passive Solar Heating Systems - Part 4, Material Properties  Sept 1988
 43G    Brick Passive Solar Heating Systems - Part 7, Details and Construction  Sept 1986
 44    Anchor Bolts for Brick Masonry  Apr 1986
 44A    Fasteners for Brick Masonry  Aug 1997
 44B    Wall Ties for Brick Masonry  May 2003
 45    Brick Masonry Noise Barrier Walls - Introduction  July 2001
 45A    Brick Masonry Noise Barrier Walls - Structural Design  Apr 1992
 46    Maintenance of Brick Masonry  Dec 2017
 47    Condensation - Prevention and Control  June 2006
 48    Sustainability and Brick  Nov 2015